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Types of coffee
Types of coffee 

Coffee

The trees which produce coffee are the Coffea which belongs to the Rubiaceae family. There are somewhere within the region of fifty different species, although only two of those are commercially significant. These are known as Coffea arabica and Coffea camepfiora which is usually referred to as robusta. Arabica accounts for some 75% of world production. There are different types of coffee present in the world.

Types of coffee

1. Espresso

Types of coffee

Espresso as a standalone coffee is served everywhere. It contains literally the basic essence. Coffee and water. No strings attached.
Ideal serving: 30ml Espresso in a 90ml cup.


2. Doppio

Types of coffee

Doppio in Italian literally means ‘double.’ it's a double shot of Espresso coffee.
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso in a 90ml cup.

3. Macchiato

Types of coffee

Macchiato in Italian means ‘stained.’ this is often because a serving of Macchiato is normal Espresso shot with a little-foamed milk on the top.
Ideal serving: 30ml Espresso + Foamed milk on top during a 90ml cup.

4. Cappuccino

Types of coffee

Everyone’s favourite and therefore the most well-known and standard coffee drink, cappuccino contains more milk-to-coffee ratio.
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 60ml steamed milk + 60ml foamed milk (in that order) in a 200ml cup.

5. Flat White

Types of coffee

A slight variation of the more generalised Cappucino, a Flat White is no-nonsense Cappuccino with double the quantity of milk as compared to coffee.
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 120ml steamed milk in a 200ml cup.

6. Café au Lait

Types of coffee

Café au Lait literally means ‘coffee with milk.’ it's a French press coffee preparation with equal amounts coffee brew and scalded-milk. Scalded milk is milk that is heated to 82° C to kill off bacteria and remove many proteins.
Ideal serving: 90ml French press coffee + 90ml scalded milk in a 200ml cup.

7. Turkish

Types of coffee

The Turkish like their coffee light and sweet. Hence, a majority of this coffee is sugar-water.
Ideal serving: 10g (or 2 tsp.) ground coffee + 180ml sugar-water + köpük (foam) (in that order) during a 200ml cup.

8. Irish

Types of coffee

The Irish sure know to stir things-up and making literally any dish or drink interesting. Ever heard whiskey in coffee? Yep! This is the one.
Ideal serving: 5g (or 1 tsp.) brown sugar + 120ml French press coffee + 60ml Irish whiskey + 75ml heavy cream (in that order) in a 250ml glass.



9. Americano

Types of coffee

Those who say they like their coffee black mention Café Americano. If you would possibly have seen in Western media, Americans prefer to drink their coffee straight out of the pot.
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 120ml hot water in a 200ml cup.

10. Long Black

Types of coffee

In essence, Long Black and Café Americano are a similar thing, but it makes a world of difference to coffee connoisseurs.
Ideal serving: 120ml hot-water + 60ml Espresso (yes, in this order) during a 200ml cup.

11. Vienna Mocha

Types of coffee

Or simply called Vienna Coffee, this coffee could be a fun-loving twist to your regular Espresso shot. What’s the twist, you ask? WHIPPED CREAM!
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + whipped-cream on the top in 150ml cup.

12. Latte

Types of coffee

Caffé Latte may be seen because the more mainstream brother of Café au Lait. The name literally means,  ‘milk coffee.’
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 180-300ml steamed milk (depending on container).

13. Frappé

Types of coffee

One of the fanciest coffee drinks out there, and also the one that contains the smallest amount of coffee as compared to other items. This Starbucks favourite has got to be served cold to be enjoyed.
Ideal serving: 10g (or 2 tsp.) instant coffee + 15ml sugar water + 90ml cold water with 3-5 ice cubes + 90ml coffee foam (in that order) in a 250ml glass.

14. Mocha

Types of coffee

Ah, coffee and chocolate! The holy grail of all beverages. Nothing can go wrong with Mocha, nothing!
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 120ml hot chocolate + Whipped cream on the top in a 250ml cup.


15. Borgia

Types of coffee

There’s really not much difference in between Mocha and Borgia. What does set them apart, is what goes within the whipped-cream on top.
Ideal serving: 60ml Espresso + 120ml hot chocolate + Whipped cream on the top, sprinkled with cinnamon and orange peel in a 250ml cup.

16. Mazagran

Types of coffee

Fancy a zingy touch to your everyday coffee? Add lemon. WHAT!? Yeah, lemon juice. Brooooo!
Ideal serving: 5g (or 1 tsp.) brown sugar + 90ml French press coffee + 45ml lemon juice + Topped with ice cubes (in that order) in a 250ml glass.

17. Dirty chai latte

Types of coffee

[Read in British accent] No, sir. Don’t go by the name. This coffee infused with tea is that the neatest thing to ever happen. *sips with pinky finger sticking out*
Ideal serving: 30ml Espresso + 60ml spiced black tea + 90ml steamed milk + topped with milk foam (in that order) in a 200ml cup.

18. Café del Tiempo

Types of coffee

Café de Tiempo literally means ‘weather coffee.’ Meant to enjoy within the hot summers, this is often espresso served with an offering of a lemon slice and a few ice.
Ideal serving: 30ml Espresso in 150ml cup + Side serving of lemon slice and ice cubes.

19. Piccolo latte

Types of coffee

Before we get to the current coffee variant (no manga or musical references), let me tell you about Ristretto. Ristretto, broadly defined, is Espresso on hard mode. It is produced using the same process, but with half the amount of water. The result: Stronger and darker coffee.
Ideal serving: 20ml Ristretto + 60ml steamed milk + topped with milk foam in a 90ml glass.

20. Café con Hielo

Types of coffee

CAFÉ con Hielo exciting Spanish offering, literally means ‘coffee with ice.’ Also known by bar-fanatics as coffee on the rocks.
Ideal serving: Ice cubes + 30ml Espresso poured on top in 150 ml cup.



21. Affogato

Types of coffee

Okay, maybe I was wrong. Coffee and ice cream is better. Is it? You decide!
Ideal serving: 1 scoop vanilla frozen dessert (ice-cream) + 30ml Espresso poured on the highest in 150 ml cup.

22. The Eyes

Types of coffee

These are four types of coffees for power drinkers. Straight up coffee and then some more coffee. It involves Espresso mixed with dripped or filter coffee, that's water poured over roasted and ground coffee beans and dripped through a filter.
Ideal servings:
Lazy eye: 60ml Espresso + 120ml decaffeinated dripped coffee in a 200ml cup.
Red eye: 30ml Espresso + 120ml decaffeinated dripped coffee in a 200ml cup.
Black eye: 60ml Espresso + 120ml decaffeinated dripped coffee in 200ml cup (same as lazy eye, except dripped coffee, isn't decaffeinated).
Deadeye: 90ml Espresso + 120ml decaffeinated dripped coffee in a 200ml cup.

coffee for hotel industry

  1. The fruits of the coffee-tree are treated to remove the pulp and the yellowish Grey beans are hulled, grated and bagged. In this form the beans are known as green coffee which keeps for a long time provided that it is protected from damp.
  2. Roasting is the second step where the beans releases various complex volatile constituents which are responsible for the characteristic flavour. The beans are continuously stirred during the roasting process at 200C they are light brown and double in volume. Well roasted coffees should be fairly dark reddish brown insufficient roasting produces a harsh, colourless, tasteless in fusion where as excessive roasting yields a very black and bitter coffee.
  3. The final operation is grinding the fineness of the ground depends on which method is used to brew it is always preferable to grind only enough coffee for once immediate need, as ground-coffees loses its aromas very easily. 

The stimulating effect the coffees has on the body is duet the alkaloid called caffeine.

Methods of making Coffee

Instant Coffees:-

this is often real coffe e, which has been made ad dehydrated. It is reconstituted by adding boiling water.

Filter/drip coffees: 

This uses a fine to medium grind coffees. This method involves pouring boiling water into a container which holds coffee inside a filter paper. Hot water is poured over this and then the coffee-drips through to a lower container.

Decaffeinated coffees:-

 coffees from which caffeine has been removed.

Vacuum Infusion (Cona coffee):- 

Using a medium grind this method is characterised by the double or glass bowl and filter which many people know by the trade mark (cona), the company who makes the glass equipment.

L’Cafeteria:- 

Using a medium grind, the coffee is made in a custom designed jug which has a plunger to act as a filter.

Espresso:- 

Using a fine grind, this uses a process of forcing steam through a fine filter containing coffe e. It is usually very strong



Cappuccino :-

 Using a fine grind this is expresso coffee t which milk heated by steam is added. Grated nutmeg, grated cardamom or chocolate powder is sprinkled on the top.

Turkish/ Egyptian coffees


Using powdered coffees, this is made from dark roasted coffees in a special copper pot. Vanilla pods are sometimes included as additional flavourings.

The best serving temperature are 82C for coffees and 68C for milk.

Types of tea

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